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美国总统行政令真的是万能的?

2020-08-18 16:20:36 来源: CCTV 阅读 (2910次)

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NEIME,ZAIMEIGUOZHENGZHIJIAGOULI,ZONGTONGXINGZHENGLINGZHENDESHIWANNENGDEMA?

 

一、总统手中关键武器

快三彩票ZHONGSUOZHOUZHI,“MEIGUOZHENGZHIZHIDUSHIXINGZHENG、LIFA、SIFASANQUANFENLI,ZONGTONG、GUOHUIYUZUIGAOFAYUANJIQIXIANGGUANJIGOUGESIQIZHI,XIANGHUZHIHENG。”

 

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因此,总统行政令成为了实施政策,或者推翻现有政策、规定的最方便手段,相对于旷日持久,需要经过口舌之争的国会立法,效果几乎是立竿见影的。

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二、花式行政令

作为行政机构重要的权力,美国历任总统都在签发数量不少的行政令。罗斯福在位12年里,签发了3712项行政令,小布什在8年里发布了291条行政令。截止到2020年8月8日,特朗普政府一共签发了177份行政令,平均下来每年44.25项,多于从1963年肯尼迪以后所有美国总统的平均值。

 

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而近期美国政府一系列涉华动作,包括结束香港独立关税待遇、制裁相关人员、封杀华为、短视频应用TikTok和社交App微信,都是通过总统行政令实现的。

三、行政令的争议

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DANGRAN,YOUDEXINGZHENGLINGYEBEIRENWEISHIZAIXIANGGUOHUISHIYA,TONGGUOYIXIANGBAIGONGQIDAIYIJIUDEZHENGCE。BUFENDEZHENGJIERENSHIJIURENWEI,GANGCAITIDAODEZHEIGESHUKUNZHENGCE,SHIRONGYIBEISHANGSUCHENGGONGDE,YINCIGENGXIANGSHIBAIGONGSHIYAGUOHUI,JINKUAITONGGUOXINYILUNJINGJICIJIFAANDESHOUDUAN。

本届美国政府的行政令恐怕是这几十年以来最具有争议的,从对外的穆斯林国家人员旅行禁令,到内部的修建边境墙;从推翻国会立法通过的奥巴马医保,到退出TPP、为退出《巴黎协定》做好准备;从要求对多国资源出口征税到停发H1B / H-2B / J1 / L1 等签证到年底,可以说条条都在刺激全球神经。

快三彩票DANSHI,ZHEIYEDAOZHILEBENJIEZHENGFUZAIGUONEIBEIPINFANTIAOZHAN,ZAIGUOJISHANGXIAOHAOLEGUODUOMEIGUOXINYONG。SUOYI,ZONGTONGXINGZHENGLINGSHIWANNENGDE?QISHI,KANSIFANGBIAN,DANDOUSHIYOUHOUGUODE。

【BENQIBIANJI:LIUSHIYUAN】

LAIYUAN:YANGSHIXINWEN

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